Looking Back: Why Catholic Bishops Opposed Pro-Abortion Health Care
by Richard Doerflinger
April 30, 2010
LifeNews.com Note: Richard M. Doerflinger is the Associate Director of the Secretariat of Pro-Life Activities, U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops. He is widely respected as an expert on pro-life and bioethics issues.
Some teachers like to pose riddles to their students on "lifeboat ethics." People of various ages and professions –a sea captain, a cabin boy, etc. — are drifting at sea in a lifeboat, with limited provisions, and we have to decide which passenger to kill so the others can survive.
The final situation with health care reform this spring might have been crafted to stump these students. The House of Representatives had passed a reform bill that the Catholic bishops commended for ensuring access to health care for the poor and immigrants, and for respecting longstanding current laws on abortion and conscience rights.
But the Senate refused to consider this bill. Instead it approved its own version that was deficient in all these areas, and said: This is our final answer. Due to a change of one Senate seat, that chamber said it no longer had 60 votes to pass a bill with further substantive changes (though it could make purely fiscal changes under a reconciliation process requiring a simple majority).
So the final take it or leave it bill could be improved on affordability for the poor. But it would perpetuate injustices to both legal and undocumented immigrants.
It excluded a conscience rights provision that keeps government entities in other federal health programs from discriminating against doctors, nurses and hospitals that don’t provide abortions. It refused accommodations for religious institutions that need to purchase health coverage consistent with their moral values.
And it violated the Hyde amendment, which keeps every other federal program from funding elective abortions and health plans that cover such abortions. The federal government would now subsidize plans covering abortion, and require those plans to collect a special fee for such abortions from every purchaser whether they object or not. Finally, the bill appropriated its own new funds from the Treasury that were exempt from the Hyde policy, including billions of dollars for community health centers serving the poor.
So who would the Catholic bishops throw off the boat? Uninsured citizens, or immigrants and the unborn? The answer was: None of the above. The bishops refused to choose between one moral wrong and another. They reaffirmed that all the human lives at stake were of inestimable worth, and that Congress must pursue reform in ways that do not attack innocent human life, forget conscience rights or ignore immigrants.
Congress did not have the political will to do this, so passed a law that does many welcome things but is also, as USCCB president Cardinal Francis George said, profoundly flawed. Repairing those flaws will take enormous effort in months and years to come.
Some expected the bishops to give in, to conclude that expanding health care for the uninsured outweighed the legislations moral flaws. But Catholic moral reasoning doesn’t work that way. As the U.S. bishops explained in their Faithful Citizenship document in 2007, doing good and avoiding evil are equally pressing demands.
There is no ceiling to the good we are called to do for the poor and vulnerable, and their needs must never be forgotten but there is a floor to that commitment, beginning with respect for the most fundamental good of the human person, life itself. In particular, we cannot do good by expanding direct attacks on innocent human life. The rule for passing health care legislation is the same as the rule for medical ethics: First, do no harm.
The bishops surely knew that many would be disappointed, and some would see them as being unrealistic. But sometimes we get to change the world, and occasionally we can only keep the world from changing us. After all the realists have spoken, somebody still has to speak up for that cabin boy.
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